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In collaboration with Vital Strategies, and with support from the Centre of Excellence for CRVS Systems and other Data for Health partners, the Global Health Advocacy Incubator has developed a Legal and Regulatory Review Toolkit that serves as a guide for analyzing the legal and regulatory framework of a country’s Civil Registration, Vital Statistics and Identity Management (CRVSID) system.

Based on international best practice set out in documents from the United Nations, the World Health Organization (WHO) and other international bodies, the toolkit helps government stakeholders identify gaps or obstacles in their CRVSID legal framework and highlight opportunities for improvement.

Why is this toolkit necessary?

WHO estimates that 65% of all deaths worldwide—35 million a year—go unrecorded, and millions of deaths lack a documented cause. Without this information, government officials, public health leaders and funders cannot make informed decisions on priorities, including where and how to direct public health resources.


This toolkit has been successfully used to assess the CRVS legal framework in Bangladesh, Brazil, Cambodia, Colombia, Ecuador, Ghana, India, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Philippines, Rwanda, Solomon Islands, Tanzania and Zambia.

Customizing the toolkit

Recognizing that not all countries have the same needs, the toolkit consists of ten chapters that address different CRVSID systems. Legal reviewers should complete the chapters that are relevant to the stakeholders of their country’s system. Many of the chapters will be applicable to all countries, while some (such as chapter 8) will only be relevant in certain contexts (in that case, countries with a national ID system).

Download the toolkit

Download the complete toolkit as a PDF portfolio.

Chapters (Downloadable as PDFs)

1              Purpose, scope and methodology for a CRVSID Legal Framework Analysis

2             Enabling Environment

3A          Structure of the Civil Registration Authority
For reviewers in countries with Civil Registration and no National ID system

3B           Structure of Civil Registration and Identity Management Agencies
For reviewers in countries with Civil Registration and a National ID system

4              Registration of Birth, Death and Foetal Death

5              Determining and Certifying Cause of Death

6              Registration of Marriage and Divorce (If applicable)

7              Production of Vital Statistics

8              National ID System (If applicable)

9              Population Register (If applicable)

10           Personal Privacy and Data Protection

Medicolegal Death Investigation Module

Medicolegal Death Investigation Module

This toolkit was developed with the generous support of the Bloomberg Philanthropies Data for Health Initiative.